2-14 Comparisons & Superlatives

Comparisons

Look at the following chart to see how to compare things. *Remember – articles, nouns, and adjectives need to agree with each other. Pay attention to your endings!

 positive  alto/a/os/as  tall
 comparative  más (menos) alto/a/os/as  taller
 superlative  el/la/los/las … más alto/a/os/as    tallest

Este edificio es alto. This building is tall.
Esa casa es más alta. That house is taller.

When you want to talk about something being the best or the most, then use this simple formula.

el / la / los / las + más + adjective

Esos edificios son los más altos. Those building are the tallest.

Absolute Superlatives

Sometimes you want to say something is the most _____ without comparing it to other things. That is called an absolute superlative and this is how they work.

ísimo

You can add -ísimo/a/os/as to adjectives to instead of muy. *Remember that adjectives that end in -co, -go, or z have a change in spelling ) just like -car, -gar, -zar verbs.

 

 muy caro / carísimo  very expensive
 muy fresco / fresquísimo  very fresh
 muy largo / larguísimo  very long
 muy feroz / ferocísimo  very ferocious

-ísimo with adverbs

You can even add -mente to your superlative adjective to have a superlative adverb. *Remember to keep the accents in the original spot!

 

 rico (rich)  riquísimo (very rich)
 ricamente (richly)  riquísamente (very richly)
 lento (slow)  lentísimo (very slow)
 lentamente (slowly)  lentísimamente (very slowly)

There are some adjectives that are irregular.

Irregular Superlatives

Adjective Comparative Superlative
 viejo (old)  mayor (older)  el mayor (oldest)
 joven (young)  menor (younger)  el menor (youngest)
 bueno (mejor)  mejor (mejor)  el mejor (best)
 mal (bad)  peor (worse)  el peor (worst)

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