Preterit Irregulars 2

Preterit Irregulars 2

There are two more groups of irreguar preterit verbs.
1. This first group has no pattern of irregularity and consists of three basic verbs, ser, ir, dar, ver, and hacer. Notice that ser and ir are conjugated the same. You can tell the difference based on the context in which they are used.

Ser and Ir Dar Ver Hacer
fui fuimos di dimos vi vimos hice hicimos
fuiste fuisteis diste disteis viste visteis hiciste hicisteis
fue fueron dio dieron vio vieron hizo hicieron

 

2. The last group of irregular verbs all get an irregular stem change and a new set of endings.

Verb New Stem New endings
andar
caber
estar
haber
hacer
poder
poner
querer 1
saber2
tener3
venir
decir
producir
traer
anduv-
cup-
estuv-
hub-
hic-
pud-
pus-
quis-
sup-
tuv-
vin-
dij-
produj-
traj-
-e -imos
-iste isteis
-o -ieron
(j)eron

 

*Note that there are no accents and that the third person singular of hacer is hizo.
1the meaning of querer in the preterit changes a little. It means to try unsuccessfully, or intend to do something, but not follow through.
2the meaning of saber in the preterit changes a little. It means “to find out/to learn of”.
3the meaning of tener in the preterit changes a little. It means to have, as in “I had a sandwich for lunch.” Remember that preterit is for specific actions, as opposed to conditions.

 

Practice

Practice 2

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