Perfect Tenses

Perfect tenses are compound tenses that consist of two verbs, haber and any verb in the past participle. (See the lesson on past participles for more information). For every simple tense in Spanish, there is also a perfect tense (eg. present and present perfect, imperfect and pluperfect, etc.). Conceptually, they are used that same as in English. Here are a few examples:

He dicho la verdad. I have spoken the truth. 
Hemos bailado mucho. We have danced a lot. 
Yo había viajado a Europa. I had traveled to Europe. 
Él había sido un amigo fiel. He had been a faithful friend. 

Here are a few ways to conjugate the verb haber.

Haber (present tense) 

Singular Plural
Yo
he
Nosotros
hemos
has
Vosotros
habéis
El
Ella
Usted

ha
Ellos
Ellas
Ustedes

han

 

Haber (imperfect tense) 

Singular Plural
Yo
había
Nosotros
habíamos
habías
Vosotros
habías
El
Ella
Usted

había
Ellos
Ellas
Ustedes

habían

 

 

*When using a perfect tense, never separate the two verbs with pronouns!

 

Practice

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